Ubuntu 17.10 was released on 19th of October 2017. And I thought of giving it a try. So I downloaded Ubuntu’s XFCE spin. i.e. Xubuntu 17.10 and installed it in Virtual Box.
So here are the top things I did after Installing Xubuntu 17.10 in Virtual Box.
Type/ paste following commands in termianal.
1. Configure Root Password:
sudo passwd root
2. Software Repository settings:
Click on Whisker Menu and search for “Software and Updates”.
I changed my mirror from “Server for India” to “Main Server” and checked “Source Code” option.
Check Canonical Partners option.
Change Update Settings
I don’t like automatic updates, and I prefer updating my system from the command line. So I changed automatic update checks to “never”. And changed notification settings for security updates and Other updates to “Display Immediately”.
After clicking close button for Software and Updates window. A new window appears asking for updating software information as I’ve made changes in Mirror, software repository, etc. Click Reload.
3. Full System Update.
Check for updates and install if any.
sudo apt upgrade
sudo apt dist-upgrade
4. Install build-essential
The build-essentials is a reference for all the packages needed to compile a Debian package. –Superuser
We need this package for installing Guest Additions in Virtual Box. If you’ve installed Xubuntu on an actual machine, consider skipping to step 7.
sudo apt install build-essential
5. Install Virtual Box Guest Additions.
I’ve installed Xubuntu in Virtual Box thus I need to install Guest Additions. Mount Guest Additions CD image from devices menu of Virtual Box. It would be automatically mounted.
Install Guest Additions
sudo bash install VBoxLinuxAdditions.run
6. Restart System
7. Install Screenfetch
sudo apt install screenfetch
8. Install Vim
Because I can’t work without it.
sudo apt install vim
9. Install SSH
Most of the time I control all of my machines through a remote computer. Thus I need SSH.
sudo apt install openssh-server
sudo systemctl enable ssh
sudo systemctl start ssh
10. Configure Firewall
Ubuntu and its spins come pre-installed with UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) but it’s disabled by default. so we need to enable it.
sudo ufw enable
sudo ufw allow ssh
Check UFW status
sudo ufw status verbose
11. Install Dmenu
Because it’s all about getting things done.
sudo apt install dmenu
Open Settings menu, and navigate to Keyboard> Application Shortcuts. Click on add button, and type command and click OK.
After clicking OK button, It will ask for shortcut key for triggering command. Use any combination of your choice. I prefer .
Remove Whisker Menu from top panel by right-clicking on Whisker menu and clicking remove button. It will ask for confirmation. Click “remove”.
Now, any time you need to run an application/ command, just use the combination of shortcut keys and start typing the command/ name of application.
If I need to open file manager, I would just use shortcut keys ALT+P, type thunar, then press enter. And the file manager would be launched.
12. Change system settings:
Just open XFCE settings. We will be working in settings throughout this topic.
Vanish all icons from desktop:
I just don’t like any to have any icons on my desktop.
Open Desktop, navigate to menus, uncheck Desktop menus. By doing this, it doesn’t show applications menu after right-clicking on Desktop.
Now navigate to Icons tab. Uncheck all default icons.
Open Panel, navigate to items, click on Add “+” button and add items of your choice and organise them according to your choice. I added
- Workspace Switcher
- Weather Update and
- Action buttons
I prefer having window buttons on Left side of window rather than right side.
Open Window Manager, In Style tab, Rearrange Button layout to suit your needs.
You can also change Theme, Title Font and title alignment. I changed my theme from Greybird to Greybird Compact. So the windows look more compact.
If you’ve installed Xubuntu, you might need to install proprietary drivers for your system. It can be done through Additional Drivers Menu in settings. As I’m running this system in a Virtual Box, I’ve installed My Virtual Box guest Additions and don’t need any drivers.
Open Power manager, navigate to Display and customize it according to your needs.
Lock Screen Settings
Launch LightDM GTK+ Greeter and configure Lock screen according to your needs. I didn’t change anything.
13. Remove unwanted applications:
As I’ve installed this system in Virtual Box I don’t need some of the pre-installed applications like Thunderbird, LibreOffice, Xfburn, Games, etc.
sudo apt remove thunderbird transmission-common transmission-gtk xfburn gnome-calculator gnome-mines gnome-sudoku ristretto simple-scan libreoffice-base-core libreoffice-calc libreoffice-common libreoffice-core libreoffice-gtk2 libreoffice-gtk libreoffice-help-en-us libreoffice-math libreoffice-style-elementary libreoffice-style-galaxy libreoffice-style-tango libreoffice-writer && sudo apt autoremove && sudo apt autoclean && sudo apt purge
Thanks for reading…